Thermal Analysis of Small Refrigerator Compartment by using CFD


  • Sumit Kumar Choudhary M. Tech, R.K.D.F. Institute of Science & Technology, Bhopal, (M.P), India
  • Dr. M.K. Chopra HOD, R.K.D.F. Institute of Science & Technology, Bhopal, (M.P), India


Domestic Refrigerator, Temperature Distribution, Heat Transfer, CFD.


Refrigeration systems are extremely important in daily life, especially in terms of preserving food, health, and comfort. The objective of this project work is to make some effective changes in the design of a conventional refrigerating system so that performance of the evaporator can be optimized.  The effects of the normal and perforated fin on the velocity and temperature distribution at different levels. To make a comparative analysis between various cases of with and without the fin refrigerating system. The analysis and modeling through CFD for refrigerators based on diffusion-absorption is presented as a feasible tool for the purpose of evaluating proposals in the internal design of the refrigerator. The present study considers that significant improvements can be achieved on the thermal profiles, by researching an optimal geometric plate-evaporator, in which the airflow is included as a parameter of great importance in the operability of the refrigerator and therefore, in the preservation of food supplies.


Veronica Rodriguez-Martinez, Gonzalo Velazquez “Estimation of Safety and Quality Losses of Foods Stored in Residential Refrigerators” Food Engineering Reviews 11(3) · May 2019.

Juan M. Belman-Flores, Diana Pardo-Cely “Perspectives on Consumer Habits with Domestic Refrigerators and Its Consequences for Energy Consumption: Case of Study in Guanajuato, Mexico” Energies 12(5):860 · March 2019.

Diana Pardo-Cely, Juan Belman-Flores “Thermal and Energy Evaluation of a Domestic Refrigerator under the Influence of the Thermal Load” Energies 12(3):400 · January 2019.

O.R Olatunji, Olayinka S. Ohunakin “Performance of a Limited Charge of R600a and LPG Refrigerants in a Domestic Refrigerator Using R134a Refrigerant in Different Ambient Conditions” Journal of Physics Conference Series 1378:022101 · December 2019.

Hitesh Kumar “CFD Simulation of Velocity and Temperature Distribution inside Refrigerator Compartment” International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology (IJEAT) ISSN: 2249 – 8958, Volume-8 Issue-6, August 2019.

Ara?t?rma Makalesi “Experimental Study Of Diffusion Absorption Refrigeration Systems Using Solar Energy” Politeknik Dergisi, 2018; 21(2) : 291-297 Journal of Polytechnic, 2018; 21 (2) : 291-297

Mohammad Reza Zavvar Sabegh, Chris Bingham ? “Model Predictive Control with Binary Quadratic Programming for the Scheduled “Refrigerators” ?Energies 12(24) · December 2019.

Lloyd Harrington, Lu Aye “Opening the door on refrigerator energy consumption: Quantifying the key drivers in the home” ?Energy Efficiency 11(17) · March 2018

M Antony FORSTER Raj, Joseph S Sekhar “Investigation of energy and exergy performance on a small-scale refrigeration system with PCMs inserted between coil and wall of the evaporator cabin” Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry 136(10) · October 2018.

Sergio Ledesma, Juan Manuel Belman-Flores “Mathematical models to predict and analyze the energy consumption of a domestic refrigerator for different position of the shelves” ?IEEE Access PP(99):1-1 · November 2018.

Saji Raveendran, Joseph S Sekhar “Investigation on the energy and exergy efficiencies of a domestic refrigerator retrofitted with water-cooled condensers of shell-and-coil and brazed-plate heat exchangers” Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry 136(39) · September 2018

Youngchan Yoon, Haijun Jeong “Adaptive defrost methods for improving defrosting efficiency of household refrigerator” Energy Conversion and Management 157:511-516 · February 2018?




How to Cite

Choudhary , S. K. ., & Chopra , D. M. . (2021). Thermal Analysis of Small Refrigerator Compartment by using CFD. SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJOSTHE, 8(2), 5–12. Retrieved from